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Article
September 17, 1910

THE ESSENTIAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PHYSICAL FINDINGS IN CHILDHOOD AND ADULT LIFEA CLINICAL AND ROENTGENOGRAPHIC STUDY

JAMA. 1910;55(12):1008-1013. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.04330120030011
Abstract

It has not been our purpose to compare seriatim all the physical findings of infancy and childhood with those in later life, as this would be both long and without advantage. This paper originated rather in the difficulty which we experienced and which has doubtless been duplicated by every diagnostician, in interpreting properly many of the physical findings of childhood, even in normal children. This interpretation of signs in childhood might be compared to those in adult life as the examination of a moving train is to the examination of one stationary. There can be no permanency at any stage of the child's development; there can be no entirely definite and satisfactory standard at any age; there can, indeed, be no certainty of what constitutes the norm in a child, as the abnormal is so frequent and the differentiation so delicate.

It would seem that, with such unlimited material in

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