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November 19, 1910


JAMA. 1910;55(21):1808-1809. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.04330210036012

Typhoid fever has been the scourge of armies in campaign in every war of recent years. Our own army was crippled to a greater extent by this disease, during the Spanish-American War, than by all the other conditions combined that tend to decrease the morale and fighting efficiency of an army. During that short campaign there occurred 20,738 cases of typhoid fever among 107,973 men, with 1,580 deaths. In the Boer War the English had 31,000 cases, with 5,877 deaths; and during the Franco-Prussian War the Germans had 73,396 cases, with 8,789 deaths. Statistics as to the incidence of this disease in the Russo-Japanese War have never been published.

Sanitary campaigns have been waged against typhoid fever in our military service and civil communities with very material results; but, after exhausting every possible sanitary expedient, sporadic outbreaks continue to occur. The board of medical officers who investigated the origin and

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