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The author appeals to those interested in the problem of intemperance. To him the principal reason for the existence of intemperance, which is as old as mankind, is to be found in psychologic and social conditions, rather than in the physical constitution of those addicted to drink. In this opinion he is at variance with many physicians who believe in a hereditary tendency to drug and alcohol addiction. The author traces intoxication to the social life and the religious ceremonial of early nations. He even goes to the extent of saying that "alcohol and its kindred have been of great importance in fostering those social characters on which our present civilization rests. It is difficult to conceive, in fact, what the social life of uncivilized man might have been without the use of alcoholic drinks." The saloon he calls the workingman's club. Under the heading of "Cure" he denounces so-called
Studies in the Psychology of Intemperance. JAMA. 1913;60(8):621. doi:10.1001/jama.1913.04340080061029
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