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In 1892 John Lubbock introduced an early closing bill in Parliament, and defended it with a memorial on the injuries resulting from overlong hours in shops. In America Louis Brandeis suggested that a similar plea might be made in support of a law limiting the hours of women's work. When the Oregon law fixing a ten-hour day for women in industry was carried to the United States Supreme Court, the case was entrusted to Mr. Brandeis, and the brief he presented marked a radical departure in the defense of labor laws, for he based his plea on the physiologic limitations of woman's strength and on the harmful effects on the present generation and on the race resulting from the overwork of women. The Supreme Court decided in favor of the Oregon law, declaring that woman's "physical nature and the evil effects of overwork on her and her future children justified
Fatigue and Efficiency.. JAMA. 1913;60(19):1489. doi:10.1001/jama.1913.04340190083030