The fixation apparatus I have to present consists of plates and pegs made from animal bone. This apparatus is sterilized by boiling and then applied directly on the bone in a manner similar to that used with the non-absorbable plate. Holes are drilled through the plate and into the fragments after reduction, and the pegs are then driven in and sawed off a short distance from the plate. The length of the peg left varies with the depth of the wound. Two pegs are put into each fragment.
I have also an intermedullary splint, turned from animal bone. This splint has a hole drilled at each end through which is thrended a catght suture. In using this, one fragment of the fractured bone is dislocated out of the wound far enough to make the medullary camal accessible. A hole is dirlled through the cortex about 1 inch above the break
McGLANNAN A. AN ABSORBABLE PLATE FOR USE IN THE OPEN TREATMENT OF FRACTURES. JAMA. 1913;61(5):333. doi:10.1001/jama.1913.04350050015005
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