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March 16, 1918


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1918;70(11):743-753. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600110001001

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Members of the American Red Cross Commission to Roumania

Roumania entered the war, Aug. 27, 1916, and rapidly drove her main forces through the Carpathians into Transylvania, meeting at first but little resistance. A part of her troops were occupied in guarding the Danube against the Bulgarians, it being understood that the Dobrudja would be defended by others. This not being done, the Roumanians crossed the Danube to threaten the Bulgarians. They were obliged to retreat, and also the western forces were driven back to the Carpathians. Here they held for some time, but the German forces brought up against them were far too large and they were forced back to the plains of Wallachia. With this began the exodus. Bucharest was bombarded extensively by aeroplanes, and many left the city some weeks before it finally fell, November 23; but the main flight did not begin until the Germans had

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