One of the most troublesome problems confronting the medical staff of the base hospitals in camps is the prevention of cross infections.
A mistaken diagnosis in the examining room may place measles in a scarlet fever ward, or meningitis in a clean diagnostic ward. These mistakes are partially remedied by sending all doubtful patients to an observation ward, where they may be differentiated at leisure.
The development of a secondary infection as a result of an exposure some time previous to entrance into the hospital is unavoidable.
On the other hand, the contraction of a secondary infection directly from another individual in the same ward demands the most serious effort in the way of prevention. When a case of scarlet fever breaks out in a measles ward, the ward must be placed in quarantine for a week. By the end of the week another case may develop and require another
CAPPS JA. A NEW ADAPTATION OF THE FACE MASK IN CONTROL OF CONTAGIOUS DISEASE. JAMA. 1918;70(13):910–911. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1918.26010130001009
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