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Article
April 20, 1918

GASES IN MODERN WARFARE

JAMA. 1918;70(16):1160-1161. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600160030011
Abstract

Despite the fact that the daily newspapers frequently report the use of poisonous gases in the conduct of the war on the European continent, few physicians understand much more about the methods employed, the substances used, the protections devised and the untoward effects encountered than does the layman who carefully follows the reports from the centers of conflict. After all, this is not strange. Gas warfare is an innovation in the struggle between armies. It seemed so unlikely in 1914 that any enemy would introduce this atrocious form of attack that when the first reports of the preparation to employ it reached the allied forces they were scarcely credited, and no serious notice was taken of the information. With the initiation of the first gas attacks by the Germans in 1915, modern modes of conducting war were radically modified.

The story of the varied types of this hellish performance, of

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