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May 25, 1918

ARTIFICIAL PNEUMOTHORAX IN THE TREATMENT OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS: RESULTS IN PRIVATE AND DISPENSARY PRACTICE

Author Affiliations

HOUSTON, TEXAS

JAMA. 1918;70(21):1518-1521. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600210008004

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Abstract

The basis of this report is a record of thirty-two cases of pulmonary tuberculosis treated by an artificial pneumothorax of nitrogen gas during a period of three and one-half years. It has been claimed that a sanatorium regimen is an essential element in the management of patients treated by pulmonary compression. Our results in this series will, I hope, disprove the necessity, although I fully admit the advantages of sanatorium treatment, and cause us to realize that a great deal can be done for the many patients at home, unable or unwilling to seek the western sanatoriums for relief.

These cases were taken chiefly from the material afforded by the Houston Anti-Tuberculosis League Clinic, and the patients were in many instances unable to procure the rest and nourishment prescribed for them. Nineteen men and thirteen women were treated for an average period of six months each; three patients were treated

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