[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
July 13, 1918


JAMA. 1918;71(2):141. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600280063021

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


To the Editor:  —During recent visits to several camps and forts of the United States Army, I was surprised to discover that all showers were arranged perpendicularly, and that they were so built in accordance with the Quartermaster's Manual, second volume, page 351, despite the fact that the public bathhouses of this country have since their initiation in 1890 proved the absolute superiority of the oblique shower head (at an angle of 45 degrees).There is no doubt in the minds of those who have given this subject any thought that while the vertical shower may serve equally well for cleansing, it fails in the equally if not more important object of the shower, to furnish the refreshment and invigoration produced by the forcible impact of water on the skin nerves, vessels and muscular structures. Since the latter depends on the force or pressure under which the water is delivered,

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview