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With the recent rapid advance in the biologic, psychologic and social sciences, on which criminology is based, there is now available a much larger fund of knowledge from which to construct a criminologic theory and to devise a practical program of dealing with the problem of the criminal. It is obvious that crime cannot be attributed to any one group of causes. The author has attempted a comprehensive survey of the whole field of criminology under the headings of the theory of the nature and evolution of crime; criminal sociology; criminal anthropology; criminal psychology; criminal jurisprudence, and penology. In his scheme of penal treatment he says that the problem is fundamentally one of the manipulation of human character, and that with the exception of the rearing of the young there can be no better opportunity for endeavoring to develop human character along useful social lines. Penal institutions as they now
Criminology. JAMA. 1918;71(3):218–219. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1918.02600290060025
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