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September 7, 1918


JAMA. 1918;71(10):826. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600360042011

In a highly important and as yet too little known investigation of the food consumption of more than 350 boys, ranging in age from 13½ to an average of 16 years, in the upper forms in a large private boarding school, Gephart1 has furnished the basis for a new understanding of the dietary needs of youth. In the past it has been taught that the nutritive requirement of the adolescent boy or girl is a fraction of that demanded by the adult, the proportion depending in a measure on the relative size of the individual. Du Bois has shown that boys just before puberty have a high metabolism; indeed, their basal metabolism as measured by the heat production during sleep or complete rest without food, may be fully 25 per cent. above that of the adult. Gephart's statistics give evidence that the growing, athletic boys whom he observed were