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December 14, 1918

INFLUENZA IN HORSE AND MULE

Author Affiliations

Raleigh, N. C.

Veterinarian, Department of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts.

JAMA. 1918;71(24):2014-2015. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600500064019

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Abstract

To the Editor:  —Physicians are aware of a disease in horses and mules called "influenza." It is misnamed, because it is not due to the same cause as influenza of man. However, it may be of interest to know that this disease in horses and mules bears a wonderfully striking resemblance to influenza in man, both in the influenza itself and in its complications.Influenza in the horse and mule is confined almost exclusively to so-called green horses, namely, those shipped to infected sales stables for the first time. One attack usually produces immunity, but not always. The disease is more or less common during the shipping season every year, but the complications vary greatly from year to year as to their frequency and the virulence of the secondary infection. Such a history is not unlike that of influenza of man.The cause of influenza in the horse and mule

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