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August 30, 1919


JAMA. 1919;73(9):672-678. doi:10.1001/jama.1919.02610350020007

We have selected the term "arachidic bronchitis" to apply to a special form of bronchitis due to the aspiration of peanut kernels into the lower air passages. It doubtless should be applied also to analogous cases caused by the aspiration of a few other organic substances; but up to the present time relatively few cases caused by other substances have been observed; whereas, with peanut kernels, the cases have been so numerous and the evidence so overwhelming as to demand a place among the list of diseases affecting the bronchi and lungs of children.

There are only three references to "peanut bronchitis" that we have been able to find, one by Chevalier Jackson,1 another by Ellen J. Patterson,2 and a third in the Mütter Lecture for 1917,3 wherein the visible living endoscopic pathology of arachidic bronchitis is discussed under the name peanut bronchitis.

DIAGNOSIS  The resemblance of

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