During June, 1918, at Camp Cody, New Mexico, the camp orthopedic staff was confronted with the necessity of carrying out, on a large scale, many specialized corrective gymnastic exercises for soldiers and recruits among whom were found all of the whole gamut of orthopedic defects: weak feet; contractures of the finger, wrist and larger joints; limitation of motion of various joints incident to recent fractures, etc. For this work, the medical department provided the orthopedic staff absolutely nothing in the way of ready-made orthopedic apparatus, such as Zander machines, and at that time the principles of vocational reconstruction had not made such appliances available. The schedule of gymnastics included specialized calisthenic exercise without apparatus, supplemented by a general daily routine suited to the individual needs of the men. Although excellent results were secured, it seemed to me that the end results might be augmented by the employment of apparatus designed
REICH RS. IMPROVISED ORTHOPEDIC EXERCISING APPARATUS. JAMA. 1919;73(18):1356–1359. doi:10.1001/jama.1919.02610440036013
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