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November 22, 1919


JAMA. 1919;73(21):1568-1574. doi:10.1001/jama.1919.02610470004002

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The observations on which this paper is based are drawn from studies made of the men in U. S. General Hospital No. 7, while I was psychiatrist to that institution. The men totally or practically blinded in the American Expeditionary Forces, as well as those losing their sight elsewhere in our army and navy during the war, were sent to this hospital. Hospital No. 7, "Evergreen," is situated on a large suburban estate, giving a country environment. At the time my notes were taken, the handsome residence was used for those patients needing hospital care, while the other blind men were housed and attended the classes of the educational department in barrack buildings on the grounds a short distance from the hospital.

My conclusions are drawn from a series of 115 patients. Of these, seventy were blinded by high explosives, twelve by machine-gun or rifle bullets, and six were gassed.

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