The stomach in a general way is recognized by the diagnostician as the spokesman for disease anywhere within the abdominal cavity, but particularly for organic disturbances of the gallbladder, duodenum and appendix. It is not only very difficult to ascertain which of these three organs is afflicted, but it is often impossible to free the stomach entirely from suspicion of disease. It becomes, therefore, of the utmost importance to the abdominal surgeon to have some system of classifying gastric motor pictures by which a pathologic condition of the stomach is established or eliminated, so that he may determine what organ is pathologic if the stomach is normal, and to what extent the diseased organ is involved.
There are obviously two means of studying the reflex activity of the stomach: the review of recent hospital records, and the duplication, as far as possible, of the human disease equations in the experimental
STEWART GD, BARBER WH. THE GASTRIC HYPERMOTILITY ASSOCIATED WITH DISEASES OF THE GALLBLADDER, DUODENUM, AND APPENDIX: A CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY. JAMA. 1919;73(24):1817–1821. doi:10.1001/jama.1919.02610500007002
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