Professionalism and governance of the profession by its institutions should be linked at a fundamental level. The philosophical roots of professionalism include the Hippocratic tradition of medicine as a moral enterprise; the transition of medicine from guild to profession with a commitment to competence, altruism, and public trust; and the responsibility of the profession to prepare the next generation of physicians to serve the public (eFigure in the Supplement). A voluntary oath taken at graduation commits each physician to these principles. Governance must serve these fundamental principles.
Nasca TJ. Professionalism and its Implications for Governance and Accountability of Graduate Medical Education in the United States. JAMA. 2015;313(18):1801–1802. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3738
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