The tremendous number of observations that have been made on tuberculosis of the bronchial lymph nodes during the last hundred and fifty years yields a literature fairly surcharged with experimental and clinical data. An investigation of the work that has been done on the acute or subacute bacterial infections, on the other hand, is particularly striking on account of its paucity.
Several explanations can be deduced for this interesting status. It has been recognized, ever since the publication of Lalouette in 1780 (Traité des scrofules), and Leblond in 1824, that tuberculosis of the bronchial lymph nodes is a distinct disease. Furthermore, Louis (1825), Laënnec (1837), Fischer and others have emphasized the fact that tuberculosis is the most common disease of these lymph nodes and it occurs more frequently in them than in any other viscus of the body. It must be remembered that this information has been largely gathered from
FLEISCHNER C. BRONCHIAL LYMPHADENOPATHY, NONTUBERCULOUS. JAMA. 1922;79(3):175–180. doi:10.1001/jama.1922.02640030001001
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