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Observations on Monkeys in the Zoological Gardens of Vienna
Mr. Widholz, who for many years has been one of the chief managers of the Vienna zoo, recently published a short paper on his experiences in the acclimatization of wild animals, chiefly from the tropical zone. It had been known for a long time that monkeys especially and their near relatives were unable to live many years in captivity, as they usually fall a victim to tuberculosis. It was believed that this was due to the cooler climate, and therefore they were kept in well heated, stuffy cages and wards. It occurred to Mr. Widholz that monkeys kept in private families scarcely ever suffered from tuberculosis. A large number of postmortems on apes, conducted in the Vienna anatomic institute under Professor Tandler, demonstrated that privately kept monkeys as a rule died from diseases of the digestive organs. Among animals in the
VIENNA. JAMA. 1922;79(12):982–983. doi:10.1001/jama.1922.02640120056026