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July 12, 1924


JAMA. 1924;83(2):123-124. doi:10.1001/jama.1924.02660020045022

If persons who are engaged in the promotion of preventive medicine ever waver in their faith that progress will attend the effort, their courage and persistence should be further sustained by the recent records of the continued campaigns against yellow fever. The success of Gorgas in eradicating this disease by mosquito control in Havana, in Cuba and in the Panama Canal Zone, has been widely proclaimed as an outstanding, monumental achievement of modern hygiene and sanitation. Less known, though similarly gratifying, are the experiences of the late Oswaldo Cruz, the resourceful Brazilian who applied the methods of attack on the Stegomyia mosquito, so that Rio de Janeiro has long since been made "as safe as it is beautiful." In a recent tribute to him, President Vincent1 of the Rockefeller Foundation has described how the undaunted leader, whose untimely death occurred in 1917, was appointed director of public health and