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The Sixteenth French Congress of Medicine
The first session of the sixteenth congress of medicine was presided over by Monsieur Léon Bérard, minister of public instruction, and by Monsieur Strauss, minister of hygiene. Prof. F. Widal, president of the congress, delivered the first address.
CLINICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO PHYSIOLOGY
Widal endeavored to show that clinical studies today take rank with the biologic sciences. Clinical study does not repudiate any of the sources of information that have been introduced: it would seem to be more and more influenced by the experimental spirit. Claude Bernard was the first to awaken this spirit. Pasteur followed. Gradually we became accustomed to regard disease as an ensemble of functional troubles, and the penser physiologique (physiologic conception), as Grasset termed it, penetrated medical consciousness more and more. New methods of research were brought forward; the meaning of semeiology became amplified. We no longer regard symptoms as the
PARIS. JAMA. 1922;79(21):1780–1781. doi:10.1001/jama.1922.02640210050021
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