For many years in this clinic, the open air cystoscopic technic has been in daily use. It is convenient and rapid, affords direct information asto the bladder surface, and allows of the widest range of manipulative procedures within the entire bladder. As early as 1893, Dr. Kelly had made a speculum 18 cm. long and 8 mm. in diameter, similar to the now well known Kelly female cystoscope, for investigation within the male bladder; but he was unable to secure an opportunity for a practical demonstration until Nov. 20, 1897. Two patients were provided through the courtesy of Dr. H. H. Young; one was a sexual neurasthenic, awkward to control, no cocain being used, but the principle was demonstrated and the bladder inspected, with the patient in the knee-breast posture. Another demonstration was made at the Mercy Hospital the same year, while a further demonstration was made before an audience
NEILL W. RADIUM IN TREATMENT OF NEW GROWTHS OF THE MALE BLADDER: A CONVENIENT AND EFFECTIVE METHOD UTILIZING AN OPEN AIR CYSTOSCOPE. JAMA. 1922;79(25):2061–2063. doi:10.1001/jama.1922.02640250015006
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