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JAMA Revisited
June 9, 2015

The Employment and Placement of Handicapped Persons in Industry

JAMA. 2015;313(22):2289. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11800

Originally Published March 27, 1943 | JAMA. 1943;121(13):1002- 1003.

Greatly increased attention has been given recently to the employment and placement of handicapped persons in industry. Profit psychology and profit minded factors are no longer justifiable motives for continuing past practices which are fast becoming outmoded, that of accepting the “one hundred per cent” physically and mentally fit to the exclusion of all substandard individuals. This discriminatory attitude has been condemned loudly and frequently by the handicapped themselves and by others interested in the progress of social welfare. The competitive spirit in industry has not permitted great departure even yet from long established principles, and many employers continue to believe that the engagement of handicapped persons immediately creates an imbalance in production. This decreased production, from an economic standpoint, gives an unfair advantage to a competitor. On the other hand, labor and welfare groups claim that handicapped persons, if excluded from employment in industry, create a class of unemployed and unemployable persons to whom society must of necessity render assistance. The financial support necessary to discharge this responsibility must eventually be derived from industry, directly or indirectly.