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This is the official report on renal examination methods submitted to the National Medical Congress held in Madrid in 1919. The different methods are described briefly but thoroughly, with their technic, results and drawbacks. The examining methods are classified into (1) direct: examination, percussion, palpation and ballottement; (2) physical: roentgen rays, and (3) functional: urinalysis and secretion tests, Ambard's constant, cystoscopy and exploratory operations. The author explains the value and limitations of each, dwelling on the usefulness of ballottement, palpation, roentgenography; potassium iodid, experimental polyuria, experimental glycosuria and phenolsulphonephthalein tests and Ambard's method. Dr. Barragán's favorite method, however, is double ureteral catheterization combined with urinalysis as being less liable to error and showing the limitation or extension of the process to one or both kidneys. The author has generally done his task well. The printing, editing or proofreading, however, has been very carelessly done, and it seems strange, not to
Procedimientos Actuales de Exploracion Renal. JAMA. 1922;79(26):2187. doi:10.1001/jama.1922.02640260059044
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