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Ingrowing toe nail is a very common disorder. It is caused either by tight fitting shoes or by the bad practice of cutting the angles of the nails, allowing the sharp corners to jut into the soft parts, producing an eroded area that soon becomes infected. This condition usually occurs on the mesial side of the great toe, and less commonly the side near the second toe. Frequently the nail is markedly convex, and the edge curved toward the toe, cutting into the flesh and producing an erosion. The toe becomes not only painfully inflamed, but also thickened, as a result of the nail's acting as an irritant.
The palliative treatment is effective, provided the soft parts have not become eroded or infected. Even after recovery from the palliative procedures, the condition is prone to recur. Most of the operations for ingrowing toe nails have to do with the removal
NEY GC. AN OPERATION FOR INGROWING TOE NAILS. JAMA. 1923;80(6):374–375. doi:10.1001/jama.1923.02640330010004