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The evidence of an increasing number of nervous breakdowns is critically reviewed, with the conclusion that there is such an increase and that modern urban life and presentday up-bringing of children are factors in its cause. The authors attack the problem first with the gospel of "positive health teaching" and then with regard to the recognition and treatment of the nervous child. The inevitability of heredity is to them a bogy to be dispelled. They believe that a fatalistic attitude has resulted from studies of the Jukes and the Kallikaks (unfortunately referred to as the Kallikats). No faith is placed in any routine procedure for all children subject to a particular bad habit, but the principles of attack are laid down, together with sound counsel with regard to patience and the example of self-control. The discussion of the care of defective children is well balanced. The chapters are headed by
Safeguarding Children's Nerves. A Handbook of Mental Hygiene. JAMA. 1925;84(1):58. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02660270062038
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