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January 31, 1925


JAMA. 1925;84(5):383. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02660310057026

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Decentralization in Urban Construction  At the twenty-ninth congress of public hygiene, M. Keppler, director of the communal service for architectural construction, outlined the principles that should obtain in the organization of building construction in large centers. The figures that he gives in regard to the distribution of the population are very instructive. The population of Holland, which numbers at present 7,250,000 inhabitants, comprised in 1840 only 2,800,000. The density of population per square kilometer has thus risen in eighty years from 87 to 221. As in other countries, the attraction of the large municipal centers is manifest. In 1840, the percentage of the total population residing in cities of any considerable size was 30 per cent., whereas now it is 46 per cent. Practically every other person is a city dweller. The problem of building construction must be viewed, therefore, from the standpoint of this inevitable and incessant increase in

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