In spite of the comparatively large number of patients who have undergone therapeutic pneumothorax, a lobar pneumonia occurring in the course of this treatment is a rarity. Such an experience in my practice recently led me to make some inquiries from colleagues who have had an experience in this field over a much greater number of years. Dr. Walter G. Holden states that in his twenty years' experience at the Agnes Memorial Sanatorium he has never seen a patient with this dual condition. None of the other medical men to whom inquiry was directed reported having seen or having known of this complication. This led to a search of the literature.
Weiss,1 in 1912, described a case that was fatal. The patient had carried a left-sided artificial pneumothorax for eight months. A specific right-sided pneumonia began in the middle lobe, extending to the upper and lower lobes.
CLOUGH TURRILL BURNETT. LOBAR PNEUMONIA COMPLICATING INDUCED PNEUMOTHORAX. JAMA. 1923;81(3):195–196. doi:10.1001/jama.1923.02650030019006