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April 25, 1925


Author Affiliations

Surgeon, United States Public Health Service WASHINGTON, D. C.

JAMA. 1925;84(17):1243-1250. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02660430001001

Tularemia occurs in nature as a very fatal bacteremia of various rodents (especially rabbits) and is due to Bacterium tularense; it is transmissible to man as an accidental infection by the bite of an infected blood-sucking insect or tick, or by the lodgment on his hands, of the blood or internal organs of an infected rodent, as in the case of market men, cooks, hunters or laboratory workers.

Among the few diseases of man that have been discovered in the last fifteen years is tularemia. It is the only disease of man that has been elucidated from beginning to end by American investigators alone. These investigators have worked in widely separated states, and in most instances each made his first contribution while in ignorance of the work of the others.

The first observations of each were characterized by the nature of the work for which he was especially trained; thus,