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Most surgeons who have had much experience in operative work in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen fully realize the difficulty one finds in visualizing the bile tracts, unless proper traction is made on the liver, especially in high lying livers.
With this idea in mind, I have devised an instrument 9½ inches (24.15 cm.) in length, with fenestrated oval grasping jaws 4.5 by 3 cm. in diameter, open on one end to permit soft rubber tubing to be slipped over the entire grasping portion, which may be renewed whenever it is desirable. A long ratchet catch is provided, permitting of soft bodies (livers), large or small, being grasped and the forceps locked, without undue pressure on account of forcing the instrument to be locked.
In my hands this instrument has proved of inestimable value in surgery of the bile tract. With it, the liver can be grasped and
Friend E. NEW LIVER-GRASPING FORCEPS. JAMA. 1925;84(19):1416. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.26620450002013a
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