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August 29, 1925


JAMA. 1925;85(9):679-680. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02670090035012

Cereals occupy a prominent position in exemplary diet lists for older infants and children, and of all cereals oatmeal, because of its availability and content of vitamins, calcium and phosphorus, has been most strongly advocated. Recent research by Mellanby1 calls attention to the lack of antirachitic vitamin in this food substance. Mellanby used puppies in the feeding experiments, controlling the exact amount of food taken by each animal. In several series of experiments the basic diet (powdered separated milk, meat without fat, orange juice, yeast, sodium chlorid and olive oil) was supplemented by various cereals, and the growth and health of the puppies were observed. Roentgenograms of the long bones were studied for evidence of the onset and development of rickets. When death ensued or the animals were killed, the histologic appearance of the long bones and their relative content of calcium were determined as additional evidence of the