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Article
December 8, 1923

POSITION OF THE STOMACH, LIVER AND COLON: RESULTS OF A ROENTGENOLOGIC STUDY IN SIX HUNDRED HEALTHY ADULTS

Author Affiliations

BERKELEY, CALIF.; SAN FRANCISCO

JAMA. 1923;81(23):1924-1931. doi:10.1001/jama.1923.02650230008002
Abstract

In the last twenty years much has been written about the position of the stomach, about gastroptosis, and about visceroptosis, but no series of observations on the stomach position in a large number of healthy persons has been recorded. The prevailing idea of what is the normal position of the stomach and other abdominal viscera has been gained largely from the observation of persons suffering from some intestinal disturbance, or from postmortem studies such as those made by Bryant. By the use of such material, the normal position of the viscera cannot be established.

This preliminary report gives the results of fluoroscopic and roentgenographic study of the position of the viscera in 600 healthy young adults, an equal number of men and women, most of them students in the University of California. Subjects with a history of chronic gastro-intestinal trouble or chronic constipation were excluded.

METHOD  Physical characters of the

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