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October 3, 1925


JAMA. 1925;85(14):1063. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02670140049015

"The pacifists," said General Fries1 in a recent address, "are the fundamentalists of international relations. They won't believe half what they see, nor anything they hear that is based on history." Beginning with Cain's destruction of Abel by the use of a club, warfare has progressed through the Greek phalanx, the Roman legion, the spear, the bow and arrow, the battle ax, the sword and armor of steel to cavalry, to gunpowder and explosives, to "tanks," aeroplanes and the so-called war gases. Each of these innovations was met with cries of horror by ardent pacifists who felt that man's inhumanity to man was becoming quite too inhumane.

As indicated by General Fries, nations never hesitate in times of war to use any weapons for offense or any methods of defense that science or ingenuity can provide. The United States, on the advice of John Hay and Admiral Mahan, refused