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October 31, 1925


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1925;85(18):1361-1367. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02670180017005

Aortitis, an inflammatory condition of the aorta, has been recognized as a clinical and pathologic entity for many years. From the purely pathologic standpoint, it has been described so frequently and in such detail that the picture seems complete. This refers especially to the literature of fifteen or twenty years ago, and to a few recent reports. A striking commentary is the comparative scarcity of references in the American and English literature. Very early references are those of Aretaeus1 and Morgagni,2 and later of Scarpa.3 The more modern work dates from the report of Portal,4 in 1803, and Hodgson,5 in 1815. Portal was the first to describe acute aortitis clinically; and, while there has remained no doubt that aortitis occurs as a pathologic fact, clinicians have been inclined to avoid positive statements, especially regarding early diagnosis. In fact, the feasibility of making an early diagnosis