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November 28, 1925

Die Praxis der Nierenkrankheiten.

JAMA. 1925;85(22):1750. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02670220068037

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The lack of uniformity in nomenclature and classification constitutes a great difficulty in the clear understanding of the subject of diseases of the kidney. Since the time of Müller, who first introduced the term nephrosis, by which name tubular disease of the kidney was differentiated from glomerular disease, or nephritis, there has been a constant stream of additions of names and classifications. The name nephrosis and its varieties seem to be fairly well defined, but the controversy is still unsettled in the matter of nephritis and the mixed forms. For example, Lichtwitz prefers the term essential hypertension to that of Volhard, nephrosclerosis. There are many other diverging paths. It seems that the comparatively simple classification of Volhard and Fahr would be more acceptable than the longer one of Lichtwitz. The latter also includes orthostatic albuminuria, the kidney of passive congestion, and congenital lesions of the kidney in his table. Controversies,

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