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December 12, 1925


JAMA. 1925;85(24):1905. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02670240057026

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Physical Development of School Children in 1924  Prof. Rudolf Martin of Munich (recently deceased) has given the results of his somatometric and somatoscopic researches on 7,065 children—3,573 boys and 3,492 girls— attending the public schools of Munich. Since 1921, the children of the same seventeen schools have been subjected to regular yearly examinations. The number of children examined in the various age-groups (with the exception of the 10½ age-group) is so large that the averages are reliable. Twenty-one body measurements were made on each child, from which further values were computed. Six descriptive characters were noted in each child and any peculiarities were recorded. Martin sought to establish to what extent the influence of the recent war could be observed in the physical development of our youth. The various age-groups were subjected to these damaging influences verying periods of time; nor were the various war and postwar years equally harmful

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