In considering diseases of the alimentary tract, there is a tendency to overlook the esophagus as a site of pathologic processes. However, lesions in this organ are not infrequent. The one most commonly encountered, of course, is cancer, and the next is cardiospasm, which may be defined as a spasm of the musculature of the cardia or epicardia, usually so severe as to produce partial or complete obstruction to the passage of food into the stomach. It is frequently associated with moderate or marked dilatation of the esophagus.
The first case of cardiospasm was reported by Purton, in 1821; seventeen cases were compiled from the literature by Zenker and von Ziemsen, in 1878. Through the recent writings of Einhorn, Plummer,1 Sippy, Verbrycke,2 Jackson and others,3 the disease has become more generally known. The etiology of the condition is unknown,
VINSON PP. THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF CARDIOSPASM. JAMA. 1924;82(11):859–861. doi:10.1001/jama.1924.02650370027009
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