The surgeon of today finds his field crowded with operations which, for the most part, are efficient and satisfactory. Operations on almost every organ of the body have been devised and perfected to such a point that further advance of an important nature is hardly to be expected along the lines of improved technic. The progressive surgeon must necessarily turn his attention to perfections other than technic. Great advances have been made in preoperative preparation and postoperative care. This is particularly true in urologic surgery, especially regarding prostatectomy.
Those adjuncts in surgery which have been least developed in America are anesthesia and anesthetics. It would seem that these subjects should occupy the attention of the research surgeon for many years to come; and they offer the greatest outlet for surgical progress at the present time. The wonderful work of Crile, Gwathmey and others in anesthesia is so well known as
LOWSLEY OS, PUGH WS. KIDNEY OPERATIONS UNDER PARAVERTEBRAL ANESTHESIA. JAMA. 1924;82(13):1011–1016. doi:10.1001/jama.1924.02650390001001
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