An estimated 100 million people in the United States will experience a serious brain disorder at some point in their lives—ranging from autism in childhood, to mood disorders and addiction in adults, to neurodegenerative disease and stroke later in life. Medicine lacks cures or even effective treatments for many of these tragic diseases, in part because of limited understanding of their causes and effects in the brain. This Viewpoint will describe recent advances in neuroscience and genetics that are providing a new view of brain function in health and disease. As these areas progress, neurology and psychiatry should see targeted treatments based on an understanding of the biological processes underlying brain disorders.
Cornelia I. Bargmann. How the New Neuroscience Will Advance Medicine. JAMA. 2015;314(3):221–222. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3298