Perhaps there is no better demonstration of the fallacy that may arise from limiting oneself to a special point of view than appears in findings with reference to the physical condition of college men. The attitude of the physician toward health may too often be stated that as a result of the examination of an individual, if actual disease is not found, the individual is considered well.
By this process the human race consists of two groups—the sick who have been thus labeled because of medical examinations that look for disease, and all the rest who are perforce said to be well. During recent decades, this undistributed group has been somewhat reduced by discoveries that afford labels for previously unidentified diseases. Among these conspicuously appear thyroid disease, glycemia and allergy.
Work in college groups almost exclusively confined to medical examinations shows results on the whole very similar to those secured
EMERSON WRP. PHYSICAL FITNESS IN THE COLLEGE. JAMA. 1926;86(20):1511–1514. doi:10.1001/jama.1926.02670460019006
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