In mammals, adipose tissue forms the chief store of reserve fat, the latter sometimes making up nine tenths of the organic substance present. There are varied reasons why it is of interest to man. For many persons the cosmetic aspects governed by the location and extent of their adipose tissue are of foremost concern. Again, the fatty layers act as a warm blanket that may modify the heat regulation in the body, or the mere weight of a superabundance of fat may afford concern to those who are compelled to carry it. Whereas in some species the accumulation of fat represents a beneficent reserve of fuel for insurance against a day of need, this aspect of the subject rarely appeals to man, who today is rarely bereft of food supply for any prolonged period.
The composition of the adipose tissue fat varies even in the same animal. It is common
SUBCUTANEOUS FAT IN SCLEREMA. JAMA. 1926;87(4):247–248. doi:10.1001/jama.1926.02680040035014
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