This case is reported because of the evident rarity of its occurrence. In searching for similar cases in the literature we found much discussion of encephalomyelitis following smallpox vaccination.1 In a thesis dated 1872,2 six cases are reported of paralysis occurring during smallpox or convalescence; Goss3 reported a similar case, but none of these were hemiplegias. Mention is made in one modern textbook that hemiplegia due to smallpox has occurred.
REPORT OF CASE
—A white boy, aged 5 years, was one of five healthy children. The mother had had two miscarriages previous to his birth. He had contracted whooping cough and chickenpox during his third year.May 27, 1932, he became nauseated, vomited and had a high temperature. The following three days he seemed well, and on May 31 the eruption of smallpox appeared. Two days later his mother noticed that he was unable to walk
Rice RM, Carey MJ. HEMIPLEGIA DUE TO SMALLPOX. JAMA. 1933;100(11):817. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.27420110004010c
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