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March 25, 1933

ITALY

JAMA. 1933;100(12):984-985. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.02740120122025

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Abstract

The Otoneuro-Ophthalmologic Congress  The third congress of the Società otoneuro-oftalmologica and the first congress of the Società radio-neurochirurgica were recently held jointly at Bologna. Professor Ceni spoke on the reactions concerned in the conception of vitalism. According to the vitalistic conception, all the manifestations of psychic and organic life, taken as a whole, consist of cerebral reactions indissolubly connected with one another and induced by external stimuli. The most important reactions are those originating by way of the organs of sight and hearing. Experiments conducted on deaf and blind animals by the speaker and his "school" over a period of forty years have demonstrated that; through the action of psychosensory traumas, there intervenes in animals a state of psychic impairment comparable to a true dementia and not unlike that which follows cerebral injuries. Strong arguments support the theory of the existence of absolutely distinct cerebral centers that are the seats

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