Generalized peritonitis is rarely encountered during scarlet fever. Most textbooks make no mention of this complication. It did not occur among 2,595 cases of scarlet fever observed by Weaver 1 between 1913 and 1922. McCollom and Blake 2 reported four cases in a series of 5,000 cases. Platou3 found eleven cases reported in the literature prior to 1924. Among these cases, four occurred early in the disease and concomitantly with a profound sepsis, and seven occurred secondary to some other complication. Streptococci were found in the peritoneal cavity in seven of these cases, but no report was made of any bacteriologic examination of the blood. The following case is deemed of sufficient interest to merit a brief report.
REPORT OF CASE
A white girl, aged 4½ years, entered the hospital, May 12, 1926, with a diagnosis of scarlet fever and ruptured appendis. The family and past history was essentially
Taylor RE. A CASE OF SCARLET FEVER COMPLICATED BY PERITONITIS. JAMA. 1926;87(19):1559. doi:10.1001/jama.1926.92680190001010
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