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The development of the art and science of surgery may be traced from its early days in the dissecting room to its present background in the laboratory of physiology. The older generation of present-day surgeons spent their early years as demonstrators of anatomy, which was then considered the most important of the so-called surgical sciences. In opposition to the anatomic school of surgeons there has now developed a new school whose method of attack has caused the pendulum of thought to swing to the more detailed study of function and its perversions. Moreover, there can be little doubt that anatomy now has a far less important rôle in the surgical curriculum than it had twenty years ago, when the surgeon paid little attention to physiology. But we must not forget that knowledge of anatomy forms the structural basis for operative surgery, which in the last analysis is the consummation of
Surgical Anatomy of the Human Body. JAMA. 1926;87(20):1670. doi:10.1001/jama.1926.02680200070039
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