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July 15, 1933

The Effects on Women of Changing Conditions in the Cigar and Cigarette Industries.

JAMA. 1933;101(3):237. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.02740280057044

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This study, made under the auspices of the United States Department of Labor, indicates the effects of the machines on the employment—or rather unemployment—of women in this industry. The book begins with a brief history of the tobacco industry. The manufacture of cigarets began in 1864, with a total production of twenty million. Today production runs into billions. Most of this book is concerned with an analysis of the way in which unemployment has been brought about. For instance, there were 27,366 cigar manufacturers in 1900 but only 7,552 in 1930. A similar relative decrease took place in the number of cigaret factories. Nevertheless, in the same period of time the production of cigarets rose from 3 billion to 124 billion. During the same period the production of cigars increased only about 6 per cent.

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