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September 23, 1933


JAMA. 1933;101(13):1011-1012. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.02740380047021

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Changes in the Penal Code  It is reported that the government is planning to resume work on the revision of the penal code, which was interrupted by the incapacity of recent reichstags, due to political unrest. Some important questions have, however, been regulated, of which the following concern the physician: The maltreatment of animals is now declared to be a misdemeanor (vergehen) instead of a transgression (übertretung), and is hence more severely punished. Proof of the fact is furnished if an animal is wilfully maltreated. It is no longer necessary, in order to take legal action, that the misdemeanor shall be committed in public or in an especially offensive manner. Rapier duels of students, if the necessary precautions are observed, do not constitute a punishable offense. Under the preceding government, such duels had been prohibited, against which decision the surgeons and others had filed a protest (The Journal, July 19,

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