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October 7, 1933

The Heroic Age of Science: The Conception, Ideals, and Methods of Science Among the Ancient Greeks.

JAMA. 1933;101(15):1179. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.02740400065037

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The early Greeks laid the foundations of science. The author gives a nice evaluation of the hippocratic contributions and of the work of Aristotle, and of the writings of Theophrastus and other important Greek contributors. The Greek method was essentially accurate observation and careful recording of results. It involved the framing of generalizations and then the testing of those generalizations by fact. In his essays the author discusses observation and induction as used by the Greeks, then classification, analogy and experimentation. This, obviously, is the procedure for all scientific work. Greek science was characterized by a free play of intellect. Even though many of the discoveries announced as those of Greece had been brought in from other countries, the Greek method carried this knowledge to a height of perfection not reached elsewhere.

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