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October 21, 1933


JAMA. 1933;101(17):1340. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.02740420060036

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This monograph consists chiefly of observations made in the Malay States over a number of years on the disease called melioidosis. It is a rare but deadly disease of man and animals, being found chiefly in rodents. Eighty-three human cases have been reported, all except two of which were fatal. They occurred in Burma, Malaya, French Indo-China and Ceylon. The authors believe it to be a more common disease than usually supposed. It is known to attack animals in the Malay States, Ceylon and the Dutch East Indies. In Kuala Lumpur it has been found in guinea-pigs, rabbits, rats, cats, dogs, and once in a horse. Owing to the fact that almost any part of the body may be attacked, there are no cardinal symptoms on which a diagnosis may be made. The causative organism, Bacillus whitmori, a member of the Pfeifferella, must be isolated before the true nature of

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